Approximately 7-8 million people around the world die from heart attack every year. Cardiovascular disease causes heart attacks and also other problems like stroke. Before moving further, first would like to give a brief about what actually causes heart attack. How do you know if someone is having a heart attack? These are few questions which run in everybody’s mind.
As we all know that all the muscles in our body needs oxygen and so our heart also needs the same. A heart attack is caused when the heart can’t get the amount of oxygen required. Fatty deposits develop on the wall of the coronary arteries. These are the vessels which supply oxygenated blood to the heart. These plaques grow with age and at times gets chunky, hardened or inflamed. If one of the plaques ruptures and cracks, a blood clot will form around it in minutes and a partially closed artery can become completely blocked. Hence the blood flow is cut off to the cardiac muscle and so the oxygen starved cells start to die within few minutes. This is heart attack. Things can rapidly deteriorate in the absence of immediate treatment. And in worst cases can also lead to sudden death.
Heart attack indications
The most common symptom is chest pain caused by oxygen deprived heart muscle or also known as crushing. This can radiate to the left arm, jaw, upper back or the abdomen. But the symptoms are not sudden. So if anyone experiences these symptoms without doing any workout or anything which can cause this pain must immediately seek for medical guidance. Some people might experience nausea or shortness of breath. Symptoms may be less prominent in women and the elderly. For them weakness and tiredness might be the main indication or you can say a red flag. Dizziness and cold sweat are other symptoms that something is terribly wrong and might be a signal of heart attack. Sometimes cold and flu might also act as symptoms if not healed even after all kind of medications then you definitely need to see the doctor. And astonishingly in many people, especially in diabetics a heart attack may be silent.
How to survive a heart attack?
– First of all never panic if you are alone and don’t lose consciousness. One should start coughing as hard as one can. Take a deep breath every time you cough without taking breaks until the heart beats return to normal. Coughing is a sort of compression and deep breaths allows the oxygen to enter into the lungs. This thus helps the blood to flow and heart to function normally. Contact the nearest medical center once you feel a bit relief from the pain. The above method is the perfect way to avoid any further damage until the doctor arrives.
– Secondly if you are not allergic to aspirin just take one and chew it up. You don’t even need to drink water. Acetaminophen in it acts as a lubricant for blood platelets and so helps reduce blood clotting and hence maintain the blood.
– A spice which can prevent heart attack in a minute is cayenne pepper. Always keep it at your home. It is very easily available in the market. If someone is having a heart attack try to give him a cup of water with 1 teaspoon of cayenne pepper mixed in it immediately. After a minute you will notice the relief. And if a person is unconscious put a few drops of cayenne pepper extracts under the patient’s tongue. Cayenne pepper increases the heart rate and carries blood to all parts of the body thus balancing circulation. Don’t mistake cayenne pepper with hot chili.
Heart Attack VS Heart Burn?
Heart burn is a condition where one feels a burning sensation due to stomach acid which is re fluxing from the stomach and going back to the esophagus. Few symptoms of heart burn are as under:
- Central chest pain/pressure
- Difficult to swallow
- Usually occurs after meal
As there is not much difference with a heart attack, one has to observe very minutely the type of pain felt. In case of heart attack the pain starting from the chest may move to the arms, jaw, back and abdomen. Symptoms of heart attack are already stated in the above paragraph but still would like to mention again in points for more clarity. These are as mentioned below:
- Central chest pain/pressure
- Neck, arm ,shoulder discomfort
- Cold sweats
- Nausea or vomiting
Hence it is always advisable that if the pain is seeking for long, better you go for medical emergency services as it might be a case of heart attack. So eat healthy and stay fit. Cut down the unnecessary carbs and processed food from your diet and exercise regularly without fail.